The World Diabetes Day 2015 campaign was officially launched during the World Health Assembly in Geneva last May. World Diabetes Day 2015, 14 November, focuses on healthy eating.
The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) will release the Diabetes Atlas Seventh Edition on Thursday 12 November. Find out more about diabetes in 2015 at www.diabetesatlas.org.
Organized by the IDF, the World Health Assembly provided a forum to exchange views and share knowledge and expertise with different stakeholders including governments, private sector, civil society organizations and public officials.
Behavioral research contributes
For many years, researchers have studied causes of diabetes, health implications and risks, and prevention strategies such as healthy eating.
It is almost World Diabetes Day – so let’s focus on behavioral research conducted in this research field. Learn more about:
1. The interaction between Alzheimer's and diabetes
Did you know that Alzheimer’s and diabetes are linked? Patients with diabetes have an increased risk for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and patients with AD show impaired insulin function and glucose metabolism. The tau protein might be one of the connecting factors. This protein, found in neurons, can get hyperphosphorylated, causing it to tangle and ‘clog up’ the neuron - one of the pathological hallmarks of AD. Serena Abbondante and her colleagues (The American Journal of Pathology, 2014) investigated the protein tau as a possible link between the two diseases, because according to them, recent evidence from animal models of diabetes shows that impaired insulin signaling causes tau hyperphosphorylation.
2. Patient interaction in shared medical appointments
Janneke Noordman and Sandra van Dulmen (Patient Education and Counseling, 2013) examined the effect of Shared Medical Appointments (SMAs). They analyzed the interaction between parents, children/adolescents, and healthcare professionals. Because Type 1 diabetes can lay a heavy burden on daily routines, Noordman and van Dulmen invited all participants to interact with each other. What shapes this communication process and how valuable is this interaction between patients?
3. How to promote healthy eating
Having dinner is an important part of the day and an important moment for parents or caregivers to influence a child's diet. Zorash Montaño and colleagues observed 731 families. About 50% were included in the intervention condition: the Family Check Up (FCU). The FCU ensured that parents' use of Positive Behavior Support improved and observed problem behaviors reduced. For this, home visits and feedback sessions were scheduled for each year from ages 2 to 5. To what extent do parents or caregivers encourage their children to eat healthy food instead of unhealthy food? Are the children aware of the consequences of unhealthy eating habits?